Orwell, George


Orwell, George
   (pseudonym of Eric Blair, 1903-1950)
   The author of Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-four, whose first novel, Burmese Days, and essays, such as "A Hanging" and "Shooting an Elephant," reflected his experiences in Burma from 1922 to 1927 as a young officer of the Indian Imperial Police. Posted to Myaungmya (Myoungmya), Twante, Insein (now Insein Township), Syriam (Thanlyin), Moulmein (Mawlamyine), and Katha (in Upper Burma), he described his service as "five boring years within the sound of bugles." His view of colonialism-that it enslaved colonized and colonizer alike and involved unconscionable brutalityevolved during this time. As a police officer dealing with criminal cases, he became familiar with the darker side of empire and decided, after returning to England in 1927, to quit the service and pursue a literary career. One of his earliest published essays, "A Hanging," is an eloquent critique of capital punishment based on his experience at a colonial jail, probably at Moulmein. Burmese Days, first published in the United States in October 1934, has such vividly drawn characters that his British publisher, Gollancz, hesitated to publish it until changes were made that reduced the possibility of libel (since then, the American edition has been seen as authoritative). Apart from descriptions of natural beauty, Burmese Days is unrelentingly dark, but it is also probably the best novel in the English language about the country.
   See also Collis, Maurice.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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  • Orwell, George — orig. Eric Arthur Blair born 1903, Motihari, Bengal, India died Jan. 21, 1950, London, Eng. British novelist, essayist, and critic. Instead of accepting a scholarship to a university, Orwell went to Burma to serve in the Indian Imperial Police… …   Universalium

  • Orwell, George — (1903 1950)    George Orwell, the pen name of Eric Arthur Blair, was born in Motihari, Bengal, India, where his father, Richard Walmesley Blair, was a civil servant for the British government. After his education at Eton College, he served for… …   British and Irish poets

  • Orwell, George — ► (1903 50) Seudónimo de Eric Blair, ensayista y novelista británico. Inspiraron su adhesión al socialismo las experiencias de su estancia en Eton. Obras: Homenaje a Cataluña (1938); La granja de los animales (1945); 1984 (1949), visión del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Orwell,George — Or·well (ôrʹwĕl , wəl), George. Pen name of Eric Arthur Blair. 1903 1950. British writer whose books attack totalitarianism and reflect his concern with social justice. His works include the novels Animal Farm (1945) and 1984 (1949) and the essay …   Universalium

  • ORWELL, George — (1903 1950)    English author best known for his novels 1984 (1949) and Animal Farm (1945) both of which are strong critiques of TOTALITARIANISM. What is less well known is that 1984 was meant to criticize not a future society but propaganda… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Orwell, George — pseud. di Blair, Eric Arthur …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Orwell — Orwell, George …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Orwell bibliography — George Orwell bibliography Orwell pictured by the National Union of Journalists in 1933 Releases ↙Books 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Orwell — George Orwell Pour les articles homonymes, voir Blair. George Orwell …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Orwell — Foto que aparece en la acreditación de Orwell para la Branch of the National Union of Journalists (1933). Nombre complet …   Wikipedia Español